Menu. This is an essay written by Ida B. Wells-Barnett in 1900. When she refused, she was removed from the train and sued the railroad company in 1884. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Useful for quotes as well as an image. Wells works for several newspapers, writing especially about racial discrimination and lynching in the South. Primary Sources: (1914, October 17). According to Wells, 2,000 men, women, and children were lynched from 1885 to 1900. After emancipation, her father became active in the Republican Party, the party of Lincoln, during the Reconstruction period in (example: civil war diary). Wells for her activism in the civil rights and women’s rights movements and for her influential and inspirational leadership. It explains how the Association's influence spread and the motivation and importance behind their focus on educating southern white women. Wells. Ida B. Some students may believe that Wells risked her life because as an African-American woman she felt a moral duty to fight against Guide to the Ida B. In 1881, she… 1900. A selection of books/e-books available in Trible Library. Wells, Ida B. November 5th, 1893 published 1894. Jim Crow primary sources and historical documents for Jim Crow. Click the title for location and availability information. MEMPHIS, Tenn. — Plans are moving full steam ahead for a new statue on Beale Street honoring renowned journalist and civil rights pioneer Ida B. Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate. Wells was enslaved from her birth on July 16, 1862, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. PRIMARY SOURCE “Lynching and the Excuse for It” 1. Wells worked tirelessly to fight against lynching in the American South through newspapers, pamphlets, and speeches. Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, editor and anti-lynching activist, was born in Holly Springs, Mississippi, on July 16, 1862. Includes: Southern horrors. Wells and the Activism of Investigative Journalism, Women’s Rights Activist Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Primary Source Spotlight: Black Women’s Clubs. Wells Excerpt, Primary Source, African American Christianity, Pt. Ida B. Wells-Barnett, "Lynch Law in America" (1900) After slavery was abolished, lynching was used as a tool by white Americans to retain racial control, especially in the South. 1895: Publishes A Red Record, a detailed account of lynching … Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. A sermon on lynch law and raping preached by Rev. Wells and Anti-Lynching Activism via University of North Carolina, First-Person Narratives of the American South via Duke University, oral histories at Behind the Veil: Documenting African American Life in the Jim Crow South G.B. Wells, newspaper articles related to Ida B. (1913, March 4). Wells. A former school teacher, she is remembered for her work in both civil and women’s rights. Wells said lynching was caused by a contempt for law and by race prejudice. On Lynchings. Off campus access instructions (for e-books) Crusade for Justice; The Autobiography of Ida B. Click the title for location and availability information. Chicago: U of Chicago, 1970. Ida B. The papers have been divided into nineteen series that range from originals and transcripts of Crusade for Justice, biographical information, diaries, and writings and clippings to files on her lawsuit against the Chesapeake, Ohio & Southwestern Railroad, the Ida B. Illinois Women Feature Parade. Ida B. Wells (1862-1931) was an educator and journalist who began her civil rights activism in response to racist incidents she experienced in Memphis, Tennessee. Our flexible, affordable, entirely digital readers help you focus your classroom on primary sources. Wells traveled by train from Memphis to Woodstock, Tennessee, where she was working as a teacher. Ida B. Wells.. Wells … Suggested terms to look for include - diary, diaries, letters, papers, documents, documentary or correspondence. Wells and anti-lynching activism. Call Number: E185.97.B26 A3 C9. Ida B. Wells - Illinois during the Guilded Age. Why is … A red record. Born into slavery in Mississippi, Wells had moved to Memphis in 1883 to further her teaching career, working to support herself and her siblings after her parents died in a… 3. Print This book provided me with information about Wells and her writing. Ida B. In short, primary sources serve as the raw material to interpret the past, and when they are used along with previous interpretations by historians, they provide the resources necessary for historical research. Wells Papers consists of six linear feet of original manuscripts, correspondence, newspaper and journal articles written and compiled by Ida B. Wells-Barnett. As the leader of the national anti-lynching movement, Wells-Barnett joined a group of Illinois congressmen who visited the White House in March, 1898, to protest the murder of the newly-appointed Lake City, South Carolina Postmaster Baker, who was black. In 1883, Ida B. Ed. Ida Bell Wells was born a slave in 1862 in the small city of Holly Springs, Mississippi. Through the accounts of two major Georgia newspapers and her own commentary, Wells-Barnett shed light on the lynchings of 12 African Americans over a six-week period. Crusade for Justice; The Autobiography of Ida B. As a consequence their vote is entirely nullified throughout the entire South. Wells was born in rural Mississippi in the midst of the Civil War. Wells worked tirelessly to fight against lynching in the American South through newspapers, pamphlets, and speeches. These are the canonical works of Ida B. Wells-Barnett that have received the most scholarly attention. Editorials in the daily papers of that date caused a meeting to be held in the Cotton Exchange Building; a committee was sent for the editors of the Free Speech an Afro-American journal published in Wells was born enslaved in Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862. She did much to expose the epidemic of lynching in the United States and her writing and research exploded many of the justifications—particularly the rape of white women by black men—commonly offered to justify the practice. Combine these these terms with the event or person you are researching. Ida B. Wells was born in Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862, six months before the Emancipation Proclamation granted freedom to her slave parents. As the group was lining up to begin the procession, the white suffrage leaders suddenly asked Wells-Barnett not to march with her fellow suffragists from Illinois and instead assume a place in the back of the procession. She is an American Hero. A selection of books/e-books available in Trible Library. E.K. Cite This Item. 1893-1894: Travels to Europe, speaking about lynching in the American South. Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862–1931)—fiery journalist, women’s rights activist, and civil rights militant—is best known for her anti-lynching crusade. Content created and featured in partnership with the TPS program does not Wells in June of 1895. Wells. Wells began writing her autobiography, Crusade for Justice (1928), but never finished the book; it would be posthumously published, edited by her daughter Alfreda Barnett Duster, in 1970, as Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. She was the eldest of eight children. Following the death of both her parents of yellow fever in 1878, Ida, at age 16, began teaching in a one-room schoolhouse in rural Mississippi. Citizen U Multidisciplinary Civics Lessons, Guided Primary Source Analysis Activities, A Red Record: Lynchings in the United States 1892, 1893, 1894, To the members of the Anti-Lynching Bureau, Topics in Chronicling America: Ida B. "The Ida B. Wells by Ida B. Wells-Barnett. Alpha Suffrage Club. Also search by subject for specific people and events, then scan the titles for those keywords or others such as memoirs, autobiography, report, or personal narratives. Wells. Primary Source Spotlight: Ida B. Ida B. Wells-Barnett published "Lynch Law in Georgia" o n June 20, 1899, to raise public awareness about white racism and violence in the South, particularly with the act of lynching. In 1889, Wells became co-owner and editor of The Free Speech and Headlight newspaper, which she used to speak out against racial injustice. Digital Public Library of America Primary Source Sets are designed to help students develop their critical thinking skills and draw diverse material from libraries, archives, and museums across the United States. Ida B. “The facts have been so distorted that the people in the north and elsewhere do not realize the extent of the lynchings in south,” stated Ida B. On Lynchings. Following the end of the Civil War , her father, who as an enslaved person had been the carpenter on a plantation, was active in Reconstruction period politics in Mississippi. View a short video about her work to guarantee access to the vote. March 8, 2016 by PSN Leave a Comment. Wells: The Red Record (1895) ... Primary Source Readers. Wells: Crusader for Justice Annotated Bibliography Primary Sources Wells-Barnett, Ida B., and Alfreda Duster. ". indicate an endorsement by the Library of Congress. Author: Latoya Farrell. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Wells is an African American civil rights advocate, journalist, and feminist. While a number of African American intellectuals divided their publications … At Milestone Documents, we believe that engaging with history’s original voices is exciting for students and liberating for instructors. Primary Sources (1) Ida Wells was one of the leaders of the fight against Jim Crowlaws and wrote about this in her autobiography, Crusade for Justice(1928) In the ten years succeeded the Civil War thousands of Negroes were murdered for the crime of casting a ballot. Some time between 1882 and 1883 Wells moved to Memphis, Tennessee, to teach in city schools. Chicago: U of Chicago, 1970. This page briefly mentions the involvement of Ida B. Wells-Barnett penned this petition to President William McKinley to urge punishment of those responsible for shooting." Wells attended Rust College in Holly Springs until 1878, when a yellow fever epidemic killed her parents and one of her six siblings. Wells was born in rural Mississippi in the midst of the Civil War. From the Library of Congress: “The facts have been so distorted that the people in the north and elsewhere do not realize the extent of the lynchings in south,” stated Ida B. Ida B. As a young adult, Wells moved to Memphis, Tennessee, where she became a teacher and soon took a stand against Jim Crow segregation. Ida B. Wells-Barnett, "A Red Record" Here's an essay written by Ida B. Wells-Barnett in 1895. Wells Papers (Univ. Primary Sources Wells-Barnett, Ida B., and Alfreda Duster. Determined to keep her family together, Wells began teaching in surrounding areas. Wells in June of 1895. Her dismissal from the Memphi… She was the eldest of eight children. Print This book provided me with information about Wells and her writing. The conductor asked Wells to move to a different car because of her race. 2. Log In. Love, D.D. Click the arrows next to each theme to reveal the individual resource sets. document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "abfd7f9a51634df9569021ae4d565bb0" );document.getElementById("c2406eab0d").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Wells. 1892. Ed. Primary Sources: People - African-Americans, Ida B. In 1883, she moved to Memphis where her “love of liberty and self-sufficiency” founded her efforts in challenging systemic racism and institutional injustices suffered by Afro-Americans. Wells, but mainly focuses on the progress of Jessie Daniel Ames and The Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching. Wells, an anti-lynching activist in the United States, was born the eldest of eight children to slave parents. Northern Illinois University's Digital archives provide access to some of Wells' writings as well as other information. tion for Ida B. Wells’s life work as a teacher, journalist, anti-lynch - ing activist, community organizer, and woman suffragist. II: From the Civil War to the Great Migration, 1865-1920, The Nineteenth Century, Divining America: Religion in American … While not all white Americans participated, many did and many more supported the acts. Wells, Ida B. Wells-Barnett at Project Gutenberg. 1895. and Mob rule in New Orleans. She was dismissed, in 1891, for her outspoken criticism of segregated schools. GMU History Matters. Wells-Barnett, Ida B. via Digital Public Library of America, primary sources for Ida B. Jim Crow. Wells was an African American journalist, abolitionist and feminist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s. Primary Source: Ida B. Wells-Barnett, “Lynch Law in America” (1900) Ida B. Wells-Barnett, born a slave in Mississippi, was a pioneering activist and journalist. Ida B. Wells-Barnett Southern Horrors 4 THE OFFENSE Wednesday evening May 24, 1892, the city of Memphis was filled with excitement. The amount of material in the collection is rather small due to two house fires (1915 and 1923) that destroyed virtually all of her personal and professional papers. Useful for quotes as well as an image. Book Sources: Ida B. This collection uses primary sources to explore Ida B. "The rising tide of lynchings of African Americans across the South launched a national anti-lynching crusade, led by Memphis, Tennessee, newspaper editor Ida Wells-Barnett, an outspoken advocate for the area’s African-American citizens. She was the oldest daughter of James and Lizzie Wells. Wells historical newspaper coverage, A resolution honoring Ida B. Wells, Lynch law in Georgia by Ida B. Wells-Barnett June 20, 1899 pamphlet, To the members of the Anti-Lynching Bureau Ida B. Wells-Barnett, chairman, Ida B. She mobilized public opinion against lynching through her newspaper editorials, pamphlets, clubs, and lecture tours in the northern United States and Great Britain. The Broad Axe [Chicago], p. 1. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Ida B. Ida B. Patricia H. Collins. A Red Record: Lynchings in the United States 1892, 1893, 1894 by Ida B. Ida B. Wells. Primary Sources. Wells-Barnett 2014a (cited under Pamphlets), edited by scholar Mia Bay, is now the standard collection of Wells-Barnett’s writings across several genres, including pamphlets, newspaper articles, and editorial work. Wells, Ida B Contributor Names Wells-Barnett, Ida B., 1862-1931 Created / Published ... For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources. As a young adult, Wells moved to Memphis, Tennessee, where she became a teacher and soon took a stand against Jim Crow segregation. Ida B. Wells-Barnett traveled to Washington, D.C. with the Illinois delegation and fully expected to march with them. Wells Woman’s Club, and secondary materials and photographs. Mills W. Shepherd letter and newspaper clippings related to lynching October 31, 1894. A Red Record: Lynchings in the United States 1892, 1893, 1894 Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Ida B. Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. an interactive curriculum enrichment service designed to help teachers of American history bring their students to a greater understanding of the role religion has played in the development of the United States. For It” 1 of lynching Public Library of Congress months before the Emancipation Proclamation granted freedom to her parents. Autobiography of Ida B original voices is exciting for students and liberating for instructors to Woodstock, Tennessee to... 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